Does individual variation in stress responses and agonistic behavior reflect divergent stress coping strategies in juvenile rainbow trout?
2005 (English)In: PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL ZOOLOGY, Vol. 78, no 5, 715-723 p.Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.)) Published
Individual rainbow trout were transferred to visual isolation in experimental aquaria. As a measure of the speed of acclimation, individual food intake was quantified during the first 6 d following transfer. Following acclimation, aggression was quantified by subjecting the fish to three resident-intruder tests, with 30 d of recovery between the tests. Moreover, between the resident-intruder tests (i.e., two times) the fish were exposed to an unfamiliar environment and their cortisol response was measured. The results of this study show that individuals of juvenile rainbow trout differ distinctly in their response to changes in their environment, and that this diversity in behavior is reflected by consistent behavioral traits displayed by individual fish. These traits have proven to be consistent not only over time but also across situations, revealing two distinct behavioral profiles, in the same manner as shown in studies on proactive and reactive mammals. Our results also show that the reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis, when exposed to a stressor, is a consistent physiological trait in juvenile rainbow trout. We found that difference in HPI axis reactivity is linked to the different behavioral profiles. However, HPI axis reactivity could not be linked directly to the singular behavioral traits measured. In other words, we did not find that the consistent behavioral traits shown by the fish were associated with a difference in HPI axis reactivity in the same manner as the reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis does in mammals. Taken together, our results show that stress coping strategies akin to what has been described as reactive and proactive stress coping in mammals appear to exist in juvenile rainbow trout.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 78, no 5, 715-723 p.
BRAIN SEROTONERGIC ACTIVITY; ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS; PLASMA-CORTISOL; INTRASPECIFIC AGGRESSION; GLUCOCORTICOID-RECEPTORS; SALVELINUS-ALPINUS; L-TRYPTOPHAN; MECHANISMS; DOMINANCE; CORTICOSTERONE
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-77032DiVA: diva2:104944