A large-scale latitudinal pattern of life-history traits in a strictly univoltine damselfly
2016 (English)In: Ecological Entomology, ISSN 0307-6946, E-ISSN 1365-2311, Vol. 41, no 4, 459-472 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
1. Variation in thermal conditions and season length along latitudinal gradients affect body size-related traits over different life stages. Selection is expected to optimise these size traits in response to the costs and benefits. 2. Egg, hatchling, larval and adult size in males and females were estimated along a latitudinal gradient of 2730km across Europe in the univoltine damselfly Lestes sponsa, using a combination of field-collection and laboratory-rearing experiments. In the laboratory, individuals were grown in temperatures and photoperiod simulating those at the latitude of origin, and in common-garden conditions. 3. The size of adults sampled in nature was negatively correlated with latitude. In all populations the females were larger than the males. Results from simulated and common-garden rearing experiments supported this pattern of size difference across latitudes and between sexes, suggesting a genetic component for the latitudinal size trend and female-biased size dimorphism. In contrast, hatchling size showed a positive relationship with latitude, but egg size, although differing between latitudes, showed no such relationship. 4. The results support a converse Bergmann cline, i.e. a negative body size cline towards the north. This negative cline in body size is probably driven by progressively stronger seasonal time and temperature constraints towards the higher latitudes and by the obligate univoltine life cycle of L. sponsa. As egg size showed no relationship with latitude, other environmental factors besides temperature, such as desiccation risk, probably affect this trait.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 41, no 4, 459-472 p.
Converse Bergmann cline, body size, egg size, hatchling size, latitudinal cline, Odonata, photoperiod, sexual size dimorphism, temperature-size rule, time constraint
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308247DOI: 10.1111/een.12314ISI: 000379942700011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-308247DiVA: diva2:1049474
FunderSwedish Research Council