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A plot-scale study of firn stratigraphy at Lomonosovfonna, Svalbard, using ice cores, borehole video and GPR surveys in 2012–14
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Univ Ctr Svalbard, Dept Geophys, Longyearbyen, Norway.. (Ice and Climate)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. (Ice and Climate)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. (Ice and Climate)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. (Ice and Climate)
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Glaciology, ISSN 0022-1430, E-ISSN 1727-5652, Vol. 63, no 237, 67-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Spatial heterogeneity of snow and firn properties on glaciers introduces uncertainty in interpretation of point and profile observations and complicates modelling of meltwater percolation and runoff. Here we present a study of the temporal and spatial dynamics of firn density and stratigraphy at the plot-scale (approximate to 10 m x 10 m x 10 m) repeated annually during 2012-14 at the Lomonosovfonna ice-field, Svalbard. Results from cores, video inspections in boreholes and radar grid surveys are compared. Ice layers 0.1-50 cm thick comprised approximate to 8% of the borehole length. Most of them are 1-3 cm thick and could not be traced between boreholes separated by 3 m. Large lateral variability of firn structure affects representativeness of observations in single holes and calls for repeated studies in multiple points to derive a representative stratigraphy signal. Radar reflections are poorly correlated with ice layers in individual boreholes. However, the match between the high amplitude peaks in the grid-averaged radar signal and horizons of preferential ice layer formation revealed by averaging the video surveys over multiple boreholes is higher. These horizons are interpreted as buried firn layers previously exposed to melt-freeze or wind-driven densification and several of them are consistently recovered throughout three field campaigns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 63, no 237, 67-78 p.
Keyword [en]
borehole video, firn core, radar, stratigraphy
National Category
Physical Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308681DOI: 10.1017/jog.2016.118ISI: 000394435300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-308681DiVA: diva2:1050594
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-3735
Available from: 2016-11-29 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2017-04-25Bibliographically approved

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Marchenko, SergeyPohjola, Veijo A.Pettersson, Rickardvan Pelt, Ward J. J.Vega, Carmen P.
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