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Magnetic asymmetry around the 3p absorption edge in Fe and Ni
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Radboud University. (materials theory)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy. (Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy. (materials theory)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy. (Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics)
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work is a joint theoretical and experimental study of the relation between the magneto- optical response of a material in the sub-picosecond timescale and its instantaneous magnetisation. We perform pump-probe experiments in the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect (T-MOKE) geometry. We measure the magnetic asymmetry of elemental Fe and Ni before and after the laser pulse. The observed differences between the magnetic asymmetry curves for various photon energies suggest that the relation between asymmetry and sample magnetization is more complex than a simple proportionality. Further insight is obtained by means of theoretical simulations based on density-functional theory. Our calculations show that non-linear effects in the asymmetry are most prominent at energies corresponding to the absorption edge and that the proportionality is recovered outside of this region. In conclusion, our experimental and theoretical results emphasize the need of including the complex relation between asymmetry and magnetization in the interpretation of ultrafast magnetization experiments in terms of microscopic properties. 

Keyword [en]
T-MOKE, ultrafast magnetization dynamics, Fe, iron, Ni, nikkel
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308697OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-308697DiVA: diva2:1050655
Available from: 2016-11-29 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2016-12-07
In thesis
1. Theoretical methods for the electronic structure and magnetism of strongly correlated materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theoretical methods for the electronic structure and magnetism of strongly correlated materials
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this work we study the interesting physics of the rare earths, and the microscopic state after ultrafast magnetization dynamics in iron. Moreover, this work covers the development, examination and application of several methods used in solid state physics. The first and the last part are related to strongly correlated electrons. The second part is related to the field of ultrafast magnetization dynamics.

In the first part we apply density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory within the Hubbard I approximation to describe the interesting physics of the rare-earth metals. These elements are characterized by the localized nature of the 4f electrons and the itinerant character of the other valence electrons. We calculate a wide range of properties of the rare-earth metals and find a good correspondence with experimental data. We argue that this theory can be the basis of future investigations addressing rare-earth based materials in general.

In the second part of this thesis we develop a model, based on statistical arguments, to predict the microscopic state after ultrafast magnetization dynamics in iron. We predict that the microscopic state after ultrafast demagnetization is qualitatively different from the state after ultrafast increase of magnetization. This prediction is supported by previously published spectra obtained in magneto-optical experiments. Our model makes it possible to compare the measured data to results that are calculated from microscopic properties. We also investigate the relation between the magnetic asymmetry and the magnetization.

In the last part of this work we examine several methods of analytic continuation that are used in many-body physics to obtain physical quantities on real energies from either imaginary time or Matsubara frequency data. In particular, we improve the Padé approximant method of analytic continuation. We compare the reliability and performance of this and other methods for both one and two-particle Green's functions. We also investigate the advantages of implementing a method of analytic continuation based on stochastic sampling on a graphics processing unit (GPU).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 109 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1461
Keyword
dynamical mean field theory (DMFT), Hubbard I approximation, strongly correlated systems, rare earths, lanthanides, photoemission spectra, ultrafast magnetization dynamics, analytic continuation, Padé approximant method, two-particle Green's functions, linear muffin tin orbitals (LMTO), density functional theory (DFT), cerium, stacking fault energy.
National Category
Natural Sciences Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308699 (URN)978-91-554-9770-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-02-03, Ång/10132, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2017-01-17

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