Mapping language to the mind: Toddlers’ online processing of language as a reflection of speaker’s knowledge and ignorance
2016 (English)In: Cognitive development, ISSN 0885-2014, E-ISSN 1879-226X, Vol. 40, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract The current research examined whether young children react to inconsistencies between a speakers’ language and her knowledge or lack of knowledge about reality. Gaze behavior at the speaker was examined during two key frames: prior and post location name. Present findings demonstrate that even before the location name is spoken, the 24-month-olds (N = 122) differentiate between the scenarios in which the speaker is knowledgeable or ignorant about where the object is. Following the location name, infant gaze was largely influenced by the inconsistency of the language. That is, infants looked more at the speaker when she mentioned a location name that was inconsistent with her knowledge or lack of knowledge of the object’s transfer. The current results demonstrate that by two years children have begun to take into account other speakers’ knowledge or ignorance of an event as they process statements about reality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 40, 1-8 p.
Language, Knowledge, Behavior
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-309031DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2016.07.003ISI: 000388785600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-309031DiVA: diva2:1051353
FunderEU, European Research Council, ERC-2012-StG 312292-CACTUS