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Autistic traits and symptoms of social anxiety are differentially related to attention to others' eyes in Social Anxiety Disorder
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.; Stockholm Cty Council, Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.; Stockholm Cty Council, Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Ctr Neurodev Disorders KIND, Stockholm, Sweden.; Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Psychiat Res, Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, no 12, p. 3814-3821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) have partly overlapping symptoms. Gaze avoidance has been linked to both SAD and ASD, but little is known about differences in social attention between the two conditions. We studied eye movements in a group of treatment-seeking adolescents with SAD (N = 25), assessing SAD and ASD dimensionally. The results indicated a double dissociation between two measures of social attention and the two symptom dimensions. Controlling for social anxiety, elevated autistic traits were associated with delayed orienting to eyes presented among distractors. In contrast, elevated social anxiety levels were associated with faster orienting away from the eyes, when controlling for autistic traits. This distinction deepens our understanding of ASD and SAD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 47, no 12, p. 3814-3821
Keyword [en]
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Social anxiety disorder (SAD); Attention; Eye tracking; Orienting; Avoidance; Gaze avoidance; Broader autism phenotype
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Psychology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-309282DOI: 10.1007/s10803-016-2978-zISI: 000414789400013PubMedID: 28000078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-309282DiVA: diva2:1051686
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-12-02 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
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Kleberg, Johan LundinFalck-Ytter, Terje

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