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The pain drawing as an instrument for identifying cervical spine nerve involvement in chronic whiplash-associated disorders
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD).
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Pain Research, ISSN 1178-7090, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 9, 397-404 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a standardized assessment of pain drawing with regard to clinical signs of cervical spine nerve root involvement.

DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included data collected in a randomized controlled study.

PATIENTS: Two hundred and sixteen patients with chronic (≥6 months) whiplash-associated disorders, grade 2 or 3, were included in this study.

METHODS: The validity, sensitivity, and specificity of a standardized pain drawing assessment for determining nerve root involvement were analyzed, compared to the clinical assessment. In addition, we analyzed the interrater reliability with 50 pain drawings.

RESULTS: Agreement was poor between the standardized pain drawing assessment and the clinical assessment (kappa =0.11, 95% CI: -0.03 to 0.20). Sensitivity was high (93%), but specificity was low (19%). Interrater reliability was good (kappa =0.64, 95% CI: 0.53 to 0.76).

CONCLUSION: The standardized pain drawing assessment of nerve root involvement in chronic whiplash-associated disorders was not in agreement with the clinical assessment. Further research is warranted to optimize the utilization of a pain/discomfort drawing as a supportive instrument for identifying nerve involvement in cervical spinal injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 9, 397-404 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-309452DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S104747ISI: 000389774700001PubMedID: 27358576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-309452DiVA: diva2:1051842
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-12-04 Created: 2016-12-04 Last updated: 2017-01-18Bibliographically approved

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