Non-destructive experimental determination of the pin-power distribution in nuclear fuel
2003 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
A need for validation of modern core-analysis codes with respect to the calculated pin-power distribution has been recognized. A non-destructive experimental method for such validation has been developed, based on a tomographic technique. Each axial node of the fuel assembly is measured separately and the relative pin-by-pin content of the direct fission product Ba-140 is determined. Investigations performed so far indicate that 1-2% (1 σ) accuracy can be obtained.
A measuring device has been constructed which, when fully equipped, is designed to measure a complete BWR assembly in 25 axial nodes within an eight-hour work shift. The applicability of the constructed device has been demonstrated in measurements at the Swedish BWR Forsmark 2 on irradiated fuel with a cooling time of 4-5 weeks. Data from the core-analysis code POLCA-7 have been compared to measured pin-by-pin contents of Ba-140. An agreement of 3.1% (1 σ) has been demonstrated.
As compared to the conventional method, involving gamma scanning of individual fuel pins, this method does not require the fuel to be disassembled. Neither does the fuel channel have to be removed. The cost per measured fuel pin is in the order of 20 times lower than the conventional method.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77504ISBN: 0-89448--670-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-77504DiVA: diva2:105416
Advances in Nuclear Fuel Management III