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Mammalian SEPT9 isoforms direct microtubule-dependent arrangements of septin core heteromers
Umeå universitet, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
Umeå universitet, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
Umeå universitet, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
2012 (English)In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 23, no 21, 4242-4255 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Septin-family proteins assemble into rod-shaped heteromeric complexes that form higher-order arrangements at the cell cortex, where they serve apparently conserved functions as diffusion barriers and molecular scaffolds. There are 13 confirmed septin paralogues in mammals, which may be ubiquitous or tissue specific. Septin hetero-oligomerization appears homology subgroup directed, which in turn determines the subunit arrangement of six- to eight-subunit core heteromers. Here we address functional properties of human SEPT9, which, due to variable mRNA splicing, exists as multiple isoforms that differ between tissues. Myeloid K562 cells express three SEPT9 isoforms, all of which have an equal propensity to hetero-oligomerize with SEPT7-containing hexamers to generate octameric heteromers. However, due to limiting amounts of SEPT9, K562 cells contain both hexameric and octameric heteromers. To generate cell lines with controllable hexamer-to-octamer ratios and that express single SEPT9 isoforms, we developed a gene product replacement strategy. By this means we identified SEPT9 isoform-specific properties that either facilitate septin heteromer polymerization along microtubules or modulate the size range of submembranous septin disks-a prevalent septin structure in nonadhered cells. Our findings show that the SEPT9 expression level directs the hexamer-to-octamer ratio, and that the isoform composition and expression level together determine higher-order arrangements of septins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 23, no 21, 4242-4255 p.
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310058DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E12-06-0486ISI: 000314404500018PubMedID: 22956766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-310058DiVA: diva2:1054777
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2012-11-07 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2016-12-09Bibliographically approved

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Sellin, Mikael E.
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