Lectotypification of Callicocca ipecacuanha Brot. and neotypification of Cephaelis acuminata H.Karst., with reference to the drug Ipecac
2005 (English)In: abstracts XVII International Botanical Congress: Vienna, Austria, Europe 17-23 July 2005, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
The main pharmacopoeias cite the roots of Cephaelis ipecacuanha (syn. Callicocca ipecacuanha Brot.) together with the roots of Cephaelis acuminata H.Karst. are the sources of the crude drug ipecac (European Pharmacopoeia, 2002, 2004; United States Pharmacopeia, 2004; British Pharmacopoeia, 2003; Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 2001). Ipecac is an important emetic and expectorant used in case of poisoning, mainly in children. However, C. acuminata does not occur in botanical literature, except in connection with the original description, and this falls entirely within the variation of the widespread and variable Cephaelis ipecacuanha. Callicocca ipecacuanha was described from Brazil, but no type specimen has been found and the name is here lectotypified with an illustration from the protologue. For Cephaelis acuminata, described from Colombia, no original material is extant, and a recent specimen from Colombia is here selected to serve as neotype.
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77680OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-77680DiVA: diva2:105592