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Unemployment in Iraqi refugees: The interaction of pre and post-displacement trauma
Wayne State Univ, Dept Psychol, Detroit, MI USA.;Wayne State Univ, Dept Family Med & Publ Hlth Sci, Detroit, MI USA.;Western Michigan Univ, Office Vice President Res, Kalamazoo, MI USA..
Wayne State Univ, Dept Family Med & Publ Hlth Sci, Detroit, MI USA.;Univ Detroit Mercy, Dept Psychiat, Detroit, MI 48221 USA.;Yale Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, New Haven, CT USA..
Wayne State Univ, Dept Psychol, Detroit, MI USA..
Wayne State Univ, Dept Family Med & Publ Hlth Sci, Detroit, MI USA.;Michigan State Univ, Coll Human Med, Dept Family Med, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, no 6, 564-570 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous refugee research has been unable to link pre-displacement trauma with unemployment in the host country. The current study assessed the role of pre-displacement trauma, post-displacement trauma, and the interaction of both trauma types to prospectively examine unemployment in a random sample of newly-arrived Iraqi refugees. Participants (N=286) were interviewed three times over the first two years post-arrival. Refugees were assessed for pre-displacement trauma exposure, post-displacement trauma exposure, a history of unemployment in the country of origin and host country, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Analyses found that neither pre-displacement nor post-displacement trauma independently predicted unemployment 2years post-arrival; however, the interaction of pre and post-displacement trauma predicted 2-year unemployment. Refugees with high levels of both pre and post-displacement trauma had a 91% predicted probability of unemployment, whereas those with low levels of both traumas had a 20% predicted probability. This interaction remained significant after controlling for sociodemographic variables and mental health upon arrival to the US. Resettlement agencies and community organizations should consider the interactive effect of encountering additional trauma after escaping the hardships of the refugee's country of origin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 57, no 6, 564-570 p.
Keyword [en]
Unemployment, refugee, trauma, mental health, pre-displacement trauma, post-displacement trauma
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-309792DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12320ISI: 000387178900011PubMedID: 27535348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-309792DiVA: diva2:1056653
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-07 Last updated: 2016-12-15Bibliographically approved

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Arnetz, Judith E.Arnetz, Bengt B.
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