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Sjukdomsförebyggande metoder inför ortopedisk kirurgi
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background In surgery, the risk of complications may increase if a patient has an unhealthy lifestyle habit. Therefore, patients’ needs to receive this information and advice about how to change their livings habits prior to surgery.  In order for a patient to receive a satisfactory treatment, it is paramount that all of the information that the patient has received, as well as any judgements and decisions made regarding the treatment, is well documented.

 

Aim The study's purpose was to investigate if patients receive questions and advice regarding to their living habits according to the National Board guidelines for disease prevention practices before an elective orthopedic surgery.

 

Method A quantitative descriptive prospective study was conducted to see if patients at a university hospital in central Sweden receive questions and advice about living habits that should be given to prevent diseases. Study participants were asked to complete a questionnaire in order to respond to the advices they received during their enrollment conversation with the doctor.

 

Result 27 of 30 patients reported in the survey that they had filled out a health declaration. That is to say, answer questions according to the National Board. Generally, patients were not given the advice they should according to the National Board of Health guidelines on disease prevention methods. There was no documentation at all regarding if patients had received advice on changing their unhealthy living habits.

 

Conclusion The study shows that patients in general get questioned about their living habits. However, they don´t get the advices that they should. It shows that focus lies on tobacco and alcohol associated with elective surgery and that there are no guidelines for insufficient physical activity and unhealthy eating habits prior to elective surgery specifically.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [sv]
Information, hälsa, levnadsvanor, kirurgi, komplikationer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-310500DiVA: diva2:1057183
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2016-12-16Bibliographically approved

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