A single major transcript encodes the membrane-bound form of rat immunoglobulin E
1995 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0300-9475, E-ISSN 1365-3083, Vol. 42, no 5, 535-539 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The primary structure of the membrane-bound form of rat immunoglobulin E was determined by PCR amplification and nucleotide sequence analysis of its mRNA. The sequence was found to correspond to the previously identified membrane exons of the rat epsilon chain gene. The donor splice site in the C4 exon was mapped to a position 35 nt upstream of the stop codon for the secreted form of rat IgE. Therefore, the membrane-bound IgE lacks the 12 C-terminal amino acids present in the secreted form of the protein. Recently, five novel epsilon chain transcripts were isolated from human IgE producing B-cells or B-cell lines. Four of these transcripts encode proteins which differ in their C-terminal ends from the classical membrane or secreted forms of human IgE. To investigate if these transcripts were likely to represent functional mRNAs, their evolutionary conservation was studied by screening a rat IgE producing B-cell line for the expression of similar transcripts. By PCR amplification and cloning of transcripts, containing both the C3 and the M2 exons, approximately 10,000 independent cDNA clones were obtained. These clones were screened with probes directed against regions specific for each of the five novel human epsilon chain mRNAs. However, no evidence was found for the presence of transcripts with a similar structure, indicating that no specific function associated with these transcripts and their corresponding proteins has been conserved between human and rat. The lack of additional M2-containing transcripts in the rat suggest that the novel human IgE transcripts are byproducts of differential splicing and that they most likely encode proteins with no evolutionarily important function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 42, no 5, 535-539 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77948DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3083.1995.tb03692.xISI: A1995TC01500006PubMedID: 7481558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-77948DiVA: diva2:105861
Addresses: Hellman L, Univ Uppsala, Biomed Ctr, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Immunol Programme, Box 596, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden. Univ Uppsala, Biomed Ctr, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Immunol Programme, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden.2008-10-172008-10-172011-11-10Bibliographically approved