Influence of prolonged dalteparin treatment on coagulation, fibrinolysis and inflammation in unstable coronary artery disease
2005 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, Vol. 258, no 5, 420-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND. Unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) is a multi-factorial disease involving thrombotic and inflammatory processes. Short-term low molecular weight (LMW) heparin treatment reduces coagulation activity and clinical events. We investigated the influence of prolonged treatment on coagulation, fibrinolysis and inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS. Serial blood samples were obtained from 555 of 2,267 unstable CAD patients in the FRISC II study. Patients were treated with the LMW heparin dalteparin 120 IU kg(-1) s.c. twice daily for 5-7 days and randomized to placebo (n=285) or gender and weight-adjusted doses of dalteparin (5,000 or 7,500 IU) twice daily (n=270) for 3 months. Dalteparin persistently depressed coagulation activity with, when compared with placebo, lower median levels of factor VIIa (63 IU mL(-1) vs. 84 IU mL(-1)), prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (0.86 nmol L(-1) vs. 1.09 nmol L(-1)) and D-dimer (21 microg L(-1) vs. 43 microug L(-1)) after 3 months, all P<0.01. Reactivation of coagulation activity was observed after cessation of both short-term and prolonged dalteparin treatment. Higher levels of tPA/PAI-1 complex (11.7 microg L(-1) vs. 6.5 microg L(-1), P<0.001) and von Willebrand factor (162% vs. 136%, P<0.001) were found during prolonged dalteparin treatment. Interleukin-6, C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels were unaffected by dalteparin treatment. CONCLUSIONS. Three months dalteparin treatment resulted in a sustained and pronounced reduction of coagulation activity, which corresponds to the observed reduction in death and myocardial infarction during the initial 6 weeks in the FRISC II study. The persistently elevated levels of tPA/PAI-1 complex and von Willebrand factor might reflect effects on platelets and endothelial cells and thus contribute to the gradually decreased efficacy by prolonged dalteparin treatment in unstable CAD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 258, no 5, 420-7 p.
Aged, Anticoagulants/*administration & dosage, Blood Coagulation/drug effects, C-Reactive Protein/analysis, Coronary Arteriosclerosis/*drug therapy/physiopathology, Dalteparin/*administration & dosage, Double-Blind Method, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Fibrinogen/analysis, Fibrinolysis/drug effects, Fibrinolytic Agents/*administration & dosage, Humans, Interleukin-6/blood, Male, Prospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, von Willebrand Factor/analysis
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-78104DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2005.01562.xPubMedID: 16238677OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-78104DiVA: diva2:106017