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The Selective Laziness of Reasoning
CNRS, Lab Language Brain & Cognit, Paris, France..
Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Cognit Sci, Lund, Sweden..
Lund Univ, Cognit Sci, Lund, Sweden..
Univ Neuchatel, Ctr Cognit Sci, Espace Louis Agassiz 1, CH-2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland..
2016 (English)In: Cognitive science, ISSN 0364-0213, E-ISSN 1551-6709, Vol. 40, no 8, 2122-2136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reasoning research suggests that people use more stringent criteria when they evaluate others' arguments than when they produce arguments themselves. To demonstrate this selective laziness, we used a choice blindness manipulation. In two experiments, participants had to produce a series of arguments in response to reasoning problems, and they were then asked to evaluate other people's arguments about the same problems. Unknown to the participants, in one of the trials, they were presented with their own argument as if it was someone else's. Among those participants who accepted the manipulation and thus thought they were evaluating someone else's argument, more than half (56% and 58%) rejected the arguments that were in fact their own. Moreover, participants were more likely to reject their own arguments for invalid than for valid answers. This demonstrates that people are more critical of other people's arguments than of their own, without being overly critical: They are better able to tell valid from invalid arguments when the arguments are someone else's rather than their own.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 40, no 8, 2122-2136 p.
Keyword [en]
Reasoning, Argumentation, Choice blindness, Belief bias
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311514DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12303ISI: 000388565700013PubMedID: 26452437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-311514DiVA: diva2:1060332
Available from: 2016-12-28 Created: 2016-12-28 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved

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