Principles of start codon recognition in eukaryotic translation initiation
2016 (English)In: Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, E-ISSN 1362-4962, Vol. 44, no 17, 8425-8432 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Selection of the correct start codon during initiation of translation on the ribosome is a key event in protein synthesis. In eukaryotic initiation, several factors have to function in concert to ensure that the initiator tRNA finds the cognate AUG start codon during mRNA scanning. The two initiation factors eIF1 and eIF1A are known to provide important functions for the initiation process and codon selection. Here, we have used molecular dynamics free energy calculations to evaluate the energetics of initiator tRNA binding to different near-cognate codons on the yeast 40S ribosomal subunit, in the presence and absence of these two initiation factors. The results show that eIF1 and eIF1A together cause a relatively uniform and high discrimination against near-cognate codons. This works such that eIF1 boosts the discrimination against a first position near-cognate G-U mismatch, and also against a second position A-A base pair, while eIF1A mainly acts on third codon position. The computer simulations further reveal the structural basis of the increased discriminatory effect caused by binding of eIF1 and eIF1A to the 40S ribosomal subunit.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 44, no 17, 8425-8432 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312122DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw534ISI: 000386158800039PubMedID: 27280974OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-312122DiVA: diva2:1062218
FunderKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2011.0081Swedish Research CouncilSwedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC)