Parental concern about child weight is an important mediator of the effect of child eating behaviors on parental feeding practices: Results from a sample of 478 preschoolers and their parents
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 25th European Childhood Obesity Congress 2015 / [ed] Paulina Nowicka, Stockholm, 2015, 28-28 p.Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Aim: To present a model for associations between preschoolers’ eating behaviors (measured with the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire, CEBQ), and parental feeding practices (measured with the Child Feeding Questionnaire, CFQ).
Methods: First, the original 8-factor structure of CEBQ was tested with Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Second, the associations between the two CEBQ dimensions of child eating (Food approach and Food avoidance) and the key CFQ parental feeding practices (Restriction and Pressure to eat) were examined with structural equation modelling (SEM). CFQ Concern for child weight and CFQ Perceived responsibility for child eating were used as mediators.
Results: In a sample of 478 parents (81 % mothers, 87% of Nordic origin, 70 % with university degree) of children from Stockholm County (52 % girls, mean age 5.5 years, 20 % overweight/obese) the CFA demonstrated an acceptable fit (TLI=0.91, CFI=0.92, RMSEA=0.05) for a modified 8-factor structure. The SEM model, adjusted for child and parental characteristics, demonstrated that Food approach had a weak direct effect on Restriction, however, it had quite a strong (β: 0.30) indirect effect via concern, which resulted in a substantial total effect (β: 0.37). Further, there was a strong positive direct effect of Food avoidance on Pressure to eat (β: 0.71; p<0.001).
Conclusion: The CEBQ proved to be a valid instrument for assessing parental perceptions of preschoolers’ eating behaviors. Parental controling behaviour towards children with big appetites was especially pronounced when parents were concerned for child weight, implying that parental cognitions shouldn’t be forgotten when designing obesity interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, 2015. 28-28 p.
Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire, childhood obesity, concern, eating behaviors, parental feeding practices
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-312200DiVA: diva2:1062640
25th European Chilhood Obesity Congress (The European Childhood Obesity Group (ECOG)) 12-14 October 2015, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden