Stress, and the responses it elicits, is central to decision-making and emotional wellbeing throughout a person’s life. Antonovsky’s theoretical formulation of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) has been associated with individuals’ ability to cope with stress. Comprised of three interrelated subscales – comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness – the SOC questionnaire measures an individual’s orientation toward her/his capacities, environment, future, and life. Specifically, comprehensibility measures the person’s sense that her/his own life is ordered and understandable; manageability measures the person’s perception that resources and skills to manage stressors are readily available; and meaningfulness measures the person’s overall sense that life is filled with meaning and purpose, and that it is, therefore, worthwhile to manage stressors. The study is the first to analyze associations between parental SOC and controlling feeding practices. The study aims to examine the validity of the SOC 13-item questionnaire (SOC-13), associations between SOC and maternal and child characteristics, and associations between SOC and use of pressuring or restrictive feeding, among mothers of 4-year-olds. 565 mothers (23.5% of foreign origin, 30.3% with overweight/obesity) recruited via the Swedish population registry (response rate: 65%), completed the SOC–13, the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) and a background questionnaire. The validity of SOC-13 was examined using confirmatory factor analysis; associations with background characteristics and feeding practices were tested with structural equation modeling. SOC-13 validity testing showed acceptable fit (TLI = 0.93, CFI = 0.94, RMSEA = 0.06, SRMR = 0.04) after allowing one pair of error terms to correlate. SOC increased with mothers’ Swedish background and level of education, and decreased with higher BMI. Child characteristics were not associated with SOC. Lower SOC was associated with controlling feeding practices and with concern about child weight and eating. In conclusion, resilience to stress may reduce the likelihood that mothers would engage in counterproductive practices, such as restrictive or pressuring feeding, even in the presence of concern about the child’s weight. The links between SOC and feeding practices suggest that SOC-related parameters can inform studies on childhood obesity prevention, and that obesity programs should address the structural barriers that parents face in building resilience to stress.