uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Maternal sense of coherence and controlling feeding practices: The importance of resilience and support for families with preschoolers.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9707-8768
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: The European Obesity Summit 2016, 2016Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Stress, and the responses it elicits, is central to decision-making and emotional wellbeing throughout a person’s life. Antonovsky’s theoretical formulation of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) has been associated with individuals’ ability to cope with stress. Comprised of three interrelated subscales – comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness – the SOC questionnaire measures an individual’s orientation toward her/his capacities, environment, future, and life. Specifically, comprehensibility measures the person’s sense that her/his own life is ordered and understandable; manageability measures the person’s perception that resources and skills to manage stressors are readily available; and meaningfulness measures the person’s overall sense that life is filled with meaning and purpose, and that it is, therefore, worthwhile to manage stressors. The study is the first to analyze associations between parental SOC and controlling feeding practices. The study aims to examine the validity of the SOC 13-item questionnaire (SOC-13), associations between SOC and maternal and child characteristics, and associations between SOC and use of pressuring or restrictive feeding, among mothers of 4-year-olds. 565 mothers (23.5% of foreign origin, 30.3% with overweight/obesity) recruited via the Swedish population registry (response rate: 65%), completed the SOC–13, the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) and a background questionnaire. The validity of SOC-13 was examined using confirmatory factor analysis; associations with background characteristics and feeding practices were tested with structural equation modeling. SOC-13 validity testing showed acceptable fit (TLI = 0.93, CFI = 0.94, RMSEA = 0.06, SRMR = 0.04) after allowing one pair of error terms to correlate. SOC increased with mothers’ Swedish background and level of education, and decreased with higher BMI. Child characteristics were not associated with SOC. Lower SOC was associated with controlling feeding practices and with concern about child weight and eating. In conclusion, resilience to stress may reduce the likelihood that mothers would engage in counterproductive practices, such as restrictive or pressuring feeding, even in the presence of concern about the child’s weight. The links between SOC and feeding practices suggest that SOC-related parameters can inform studies on childhood obesity prevention, and that obesity programs should address the structural barriers that parents face in building resilience to stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-312201DiVA: diva2:1062643
The European Obesity Summit 2016, 1-4 June, Gothenburg
VINNOVA, 2011-3443
Available from: 2017-01-07 Created: 2017-01-07 Last updated: 2017-01-07

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nowicka, Paulina
By organisation
Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 9 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link