Abundance and diversity of human-biting flies (Diptera : Ceratopogonidae, Culicidae, Tabanidae, Simuliidae) around a nickel-copper smelter at Monchegorsk, northwestern Russia
2005 (English)In: Journal of Vector Ecology, ISSN 1081-1710, Vol. 30, no 2, 263-271 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the summers of 2001 and 2002, we quantitatively sampled human-biting flies in twelve sites located 1.6 to 63 km from a large copper-nickel smelter at Monchegorsk on the Kola Peninsula, Russia. We collected 429 specimens of three species of Ceratopogonidae, 92 specimens of seven species of Culicidae, 76 specimens of seven species of Tabanidae, and 4,788 specimens of 19 species of Simuliidae. Culicoides chiropterus was for the first time reported from the Kola Peninsula. Catches of Culicidae and Simuliidae decreased near the smelter, presumably due to the combined action of toxicity of pollutants, pollution-induced forest damage, and decline in vertebrate density. An abundance of Ceratopogonidae and Tabanidae, the size of the most common black fly species, Simulium pusillum, and the diversity of all families did not change along the pollution gradient.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 30, no 2, 263-271 p.
environmental contamination, faunistics, blood-sucking flies, Kola Peninsula, landscape degradation, size variation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-78717ISI: 000240393100014PubMedID: 16599161OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-78717DiVA: diva2:106630