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Dietary fat intake, fat sources and fatty acid composition in serum among immigrant women from Iran and Turkey compared with women of Swedish ethnicity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
2005 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, Vol. 49, no 3, 106-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Immigrants in general seem to be more vulnerable than the host population to developing nutrition-related chronic conditions. This may in part be related to diverging dietary habits, including intake of different types and amounts of dietary fat.

Objectives

The main aim of this study was to investigate the dietary fatty acid composition and the dietary fat sources among first generation immigrant women from Iran and Turkey compared with women of Swedish ethnicity. The second aim was to relate the reported dietary fatty acid composition to the fatty acid composition in serum cholesterol esters, and the fatty acid composition in serum to metabolic variables.

Design

The study was a cross-sectional health survey of randomly selected foreign-born women (n=107) and native Swedish women (n=50) living in Uppsala. This included 24 h dietary recall repeated four times and administered in the native language.

Results and conclusion

A lower proportion of satura ted fatty acids, a higher proportion of linoleic acid and a higher n-6/n-3 ratio were found in the immigrants’ diet than in the diet of the Swedish women. The difference in linoleic acid was also mirrored in serum. Vegetable dishes, together with edible fats, were the major contributors of polyunsaturated fatty acids among the immigrant women. While the fatty acid profile in serum among the immigrant women had both favourable and unfavourable implications, a higher prevalence of obesity and dyslipidaemia was observed in immigrant compared with Swedish-born women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 49, no 3, 106-115 p.
Keyword [en]
dietary fat, fat sources, immigrants, Iranian, metabolic risk factor, serum fatty acid composition, Turkish
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-79029DOI: 10.1080/11026480510044536OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-79029DiVA: diva2:106942
Available from: 2006-04-03 Created: 2006-04-03 Last updated: 2013-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.foodandnutritionresearch.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/1533

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Daryani, AchrafBecker, WulfBengt, VessbyAndersson, Agneta

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