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The technoscientists: a Swedish construction of basic research in World War II
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2807-6061
2016 (English)In: History & Technology, ISSN 0734-1512, E-ISSN 1477-2620, Vol. 32, no 4, 349-381 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper examines a group of engineers and scientists in Sweden in the 1930s and 1940s that worked to gain political support for what they called ‘technoscientific research’. Following their own terminology and the ideas of close relations between engineers, scientists, industries, and politics it implied, I call these actors ‘technoscientists’. Critical to their approach was the strategical use of the concept of ‘basic research’, constructed by the technoscientists to associate knowledge production with economic development and demarcate an area of responsibility for public support of industrial research. The technoscientists promoted this strategy by linking basic research to the technical exigencies caused by World War II and by integrating it with politics of welfare, defense, and trade. The technoscientists were thus important political reformers that laid the foundations of public support of science and technology before the 1950s and 1960s when science policy emerged as an institutionalized political practice in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 32, no 4, 349-381 p.
Keyword [en]
Basic research, applied research, technoscience, industrial research institutes, science policy, Sweden, World War II
National Category
History of Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316268DOI: 10.1080/07341512.2016.1278092ISI: 000392744000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316268DiVA: diva2:1077546
Funder
VINNOVA, 2006-03501
Available from: 2017-02-28 Created: 2017-02-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Pettersson, Ingemar

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