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Full-shift trunk and upper arm postures and movements among aircraft baggage handlers
Department of Public Health & Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, University of Gävle, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9612-3766
Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 104 Clinic Place PO Box 23, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 2Z4 Canada.
Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, University of Gävle, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Annals of Occupational Hygiene, ISSN 0003-4878, E-ISSN 1475-3162Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316462DiVA: diva2:1077884
Available from: 2017-03-01 Created: 2017-03-01 Last updated: 2017-11-29
In thesis
1. Working conditions and musculoskeletal disorders in flight baggage handling
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working conditions and musculoskeletal disorders in flight baggage handling
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Baggage handling is considered to be a heavy manual handling job including biomechanical exposures suspected of increasing the risk for musculoskeletal disorders. Aims: To document low back pain (LBP), shoulder pain (SP), and physical and psychosocial factors in baggage handlers, and to evaluate the implementation of an ergonomic intervention aiming to increase the use of loading assist devices. Methods: A questionnaire was utilized to characterize pain and psychosocial work conditions in 525 baggage handlers. The postures of 55 baggage handlers during 114 shifts were measured using inclinometry, half shift video-recordings were made for subsequent task analysis, and the number of aircraft handled was registered. Associations for psychosocial and biomechanical exposures with pain were assessed using regression analyses. An ergonomic intervention was implemented and evaluated using questionnaires and repeated interviews. Feasibility, intermediate outcomes, barriers and facilitators were assessed. Results: The prevalence rates of reported LBP and SP were 70% and 60%, respectively. Pain interfering with work (LBP - 30% and SP - 18%) and high pain intensity (LBP - 34% and SP - 28%) were associated with poor psychosocial working conditions. Extreme postures with arms elevated >60° occurred for 6.4% of the total time, and in trunk flexion >60° for 2.1% total time. In contrast, 71% of the total time was spent in a neutral trunk posture. The 90th percentile trunk forward flexion was 34.1°.  Daily shoulder pain increased in approximately one-third of all shifts and was positively associated with extreme work posture and the number of aircraft handled; this association was modified by influence and support. The intervention was delivered as planned, and dose received and satisfaction were rated as high. Motivated trainees facilitated implementation while lack of manager support, opportunities to observe and practice behaviors, follow-up activities, staff reduction, and job insecurity were barriers. Conclusion: The high prevalence rates of LBP and SP in baggage handlers were associated with psychosocial exposures, and daily shoulder pain was associated with higher biomechanical exposure. Barriers to implementation can be minimized by recruiting motivated trainees, securing strong organizational support, and carrying out follow-up activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 59 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1321
Keyword
epidemiology, low back pain, shoulder pain, physical exposures, psychosocial exposures, inclinometry, implementation, process evaluation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316468 (URN)978-91-554-9868-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-05-17, Frödingesalen, Ulleråkersvägen, Uppsala, 09:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-04-26 Created: 2017-03-27 Last updated: 2017-05-05

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