Cerebral Biomarkers in Women With Preeclampsia Are Still Elevated 1 Year Postpartum
2016 (English)In: American Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 0895-7061, E-ISSN 1941-7225, Vol. 29, no 12, 1374-1379 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND There is evidence of cerebral involvement among women with preeclampsia. Levels of the cerebral biomarkers neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100B are elevated during pregnancy in women developing preeclampsia. It is although not known if these biomarkers return to normal range postpartum. The aim with this study was to compare levels of S100B and NSE during pregnancy and 1 year postpartum in women who have had preeclampsia to women with normal pregnancies. METHODS This study was a longitudinal study of cases (n = 53) with preeclampsia and controls (n = 58) consisted of normal pregnant women in matched gestational weeks. Plasma samples were collected at inclusion during pregnancy and 1 year postpartum. Plasma samples were analyzed for levels of S100B and NSE by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays kits. RESULTS Levels of NSE and S100B in women with preeclampsia were higher during pregnancy than in women with normal pregnancies. One year postpartum, women who have had preeclampsia still had a higher median level of both NSE (5.07 vs. 4.28 mu g/l, P < 0.05) and S100B (0.07 vs. 0.06 mu g/l, P < 0.05) compared to women with previous normal pregnancies. High levels of NSE and S100B postpartum remained associated with previous preeclampsia after adjustment for confounding factors. Levels of NSE correlated to S100B during pregnancy and postpartum. CONCLUSIONS Levels of NSE and S100B are still elevated 1 year postpartum in women who have had preeclampsia in contrast to women with previous normal pregnancies. We hypothesize that there might be a persistent cerebral involvement among women with preeclampsia even 1 year postpartum.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 29, no 12, 1374-1379 p.
blood pressure, hypertension, Neurological dysfunction, NSE, preeclampsia, S100B
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316434DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpw097ISI: 000392732700009PubMedID: 27653032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316434DiVA: diva2:1077918
FunderSwedish Society of MedicineSwedish Research Council, 2014-3561 D0277901