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Diffuse traumatic brain injury in the mouse induces a transient proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells in injured white matter tracts
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery. (Neurokirurgi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery. (Neurokirurgi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery. (Neurokirurgi)
2016 (English)In: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, ISSN 0922-6028, E-ISSN 1878-3627Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Injury to the white matter may lead to impaired neuronal signaling and is commonly observed following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although endogenous repair of TBI-induced white matter pathology is limited, oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) may be stimulated to proliferate and regenerate functionally myelinating oligodendrocytes. Even though OPCs are present throughout the adult brain, little is known about their proliferative activity following axonal injury caused by TBI.

Objective: We hypothesized that central fluid percussion injury (cFPI) in mice, a TBI model causing wide-spread axonal injury, results in OPC proliferation.

Methods: Proliferation of OPCs was evaluated in 27 cFPI mice using 5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine (EdU) labeling and a cell proliferation assay at 2 (n=9), 7 (n = 8) and 21 (n = 10) days post injury (dpi). Sham-injured mice (n = 14) were used as controls. OPC proliferation was quantified by immunohistochemistry using the OPC markers NG2 and Olig2 in several white matter loci including the corpus callosum, external capsule, fimbriae, the internal capsule and cerebral peduncle.

Results: The number of EdU/DAPI/Olig2-positive cells were increased in the cFPI group compared to sham-injured animals at 7 days post-injury (dpi; p≤0.05) in the majority of white matter regions. The OPC proliferation had subsided by 21 dpi. The number of EdU/DAPI/NG2 cells was also increase at 7 dpi in the external capsule and fimbriae.

Conclusion: These results suggest that traumatic axonal injury in the mouse induces a transient proliferative response of residing OPCs. These proliferating OPCs may replace dead oligodendrocytes and contribute to remyelination, which needs evaluation in future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
traumatic brain injury, proliferation, axonal injury, EdU, oligodendrocyte progenitor cell, white matter, myelin, central fluid percussion injury
National Category
Neurology
Research subject
Neuroscience
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316586DOI: 10.3233/RNN-160675OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316586DiVA: diva2:1078404
Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2017-03-08Bibliographically approved
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