Resuscitation practices of low and normal birth weight infants in Nepal: an observational study using video camera recordings
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Background: The global burden of stillbirth and neonatal deaths remains achallenge in low-income countries. Training in neonatal resuscitation canreduce intrapartum stillbirth and early neonatal mortality. Previous resultsdemonstrate that infants who previously would have been registered asstillbirths are successfully resuscitated after such training, suggesting thatthere is a process of selection for resuscitation that needs to be explored.
Objective: To compare neonatal resuscitation of low birth weight andnormal birth weight infants born at a facility in a low-income setting.
Methods: Motion-triggered video cameras were installed above theresuscitation tables at a maternity health facility during an interventionstudy (ISRCTN97846009) employing the Helping Babies Breatheresuscitation protocol in Kathmandu, Nepal. Recordings were analysed,noting crying, stimulation, ventilation, suctioning and oxygenadministration during resuscitation. Birth weight, Apgar scores and sex ofthe infant were retrieved from matched hospital registers. The results wereanalysed by chi-square and logistic regression.
Results: A total of 2253 resuscitation cases were recorded. Low birthweight infants in need of resuscitation had higher odds of receivingventilation (aOR 1.73), and lower odds of receiving suctioning (aOR 0.53)after adjustment for the Helping Babies Breathe intervention, sex of theinfant and place of resuscitation within the facility. The rate of stimulationand administration of oxygen was the same in both groups.
Conclusions: Low birth weight was associated with more ventilation andless suctioning during neonatal resuscitation in a low-income setting. Asventilation is the most important intervention when the infant does notinitiate breathing after birth, low birth weight was not a predictor for thedecision to withhold resuscitation. Frequent routine use of suctioning of thelower airways continues to be a problem in the studied context, even afterthe introduction of the Helping Babies Breathe protocol.
neonatal resuscitation, low birth weight, guideline adherence, video recording, low-income population
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316720OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316720DiVA: diva2:1078728