Structure Determination of the 4d Metal Diborides: A Quantum Mechanical Study
2006 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, no 11, 5367-5371 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Metal diborides (MB2) often have interesting thermal, mechanical, and superconducting properties. MgB2 was put into focus some years ago for its high transition temperature (39 K) in combination with its simple AlB2 structure. The boron structure in MB2 is assumed to be dependent on the electron transfer from the nearby positioned metal atoms. An electronic and structural comparison has been performed here for various initially planar and puckered transition-metal borides, using quantum mechanical density functional theory (DFT) calculations under periodic boundary conditions. In comparison to MgB2, the experimentally planar transition-metal diborides (ZrB2, NbB2, and MoB2) and the experimentally puckered ones (TcB2, RuB2, RhB2, and PdB2) have been examined. The results indicate that the energetic stability generally follows the experimentally obtained results. The metals that are less electronegative than boron donate electrons to boron, which in turn induce planar boron structures (graphitic-like). The metals that prefer to be planar donate more than one electron, while the trend for metals which favor puckered B structures is that they donate less than one electron per metal atom. Two donated electrons per metal atom (or very close to) will result in the most stable AlB2 structure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 110, no 11, 5367-5371 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-80004DOI: doi:10.1021/jp056652xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-80004DiVA: diva2:107918