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Structural Basis for Phospholyase Activity of a Class III Transaminase Homologue
Univ York, York Struct Biol Lab, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Structure and Molecular Biology.
Univ York, York Struct Biol Lab, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
Univ York, York Struct Biol Lab, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
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2016 (English)In: ChemBioChem (Print), ISSN 1439-4227, E-ISSN 1439-7633, Vol. 17, no 24, 2308-2311 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pyridoxal-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes catalyse a remarkable diversity of chemical reactions in nature. A1RDF1 from Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 is a fold type I, PLP-dependent enzyme in the class III transaminase (TA) subgroup. Despite sharing 28% sequence identity with its closest structural homologues, including beta-alanine: pyruvate and gamma-aminobutyrate: alpha-ketoglutarate TAs, A1RDF1 displayed no TA activity. Activity screening revealed that the enzyme possesses phospholyase (E.C. 4.2.3.2) activity towards O-phosphoethanolamine (PEtN), an activity described previously for vertebrate enzymes such as human AGXT2L1, enzymes for which no structure has yet been reported. In order to shed light on the distinctive features of PLP-dependent phospholyases, structures of A1RDF1 in complex with PLP (internal aldimine) and PLP.PEtN (external aldimine) were determined, revealing the basis of substrate binding and the structural factors that distinguish the enzyme from class III homologues that display TA activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 17, no 24, 2308-2311 p.
Keyword [en]
enzyme catalysis, lyases, phospholyases, pyridoxal phosphate, racemases, transaminases
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316967DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201600482ISI: 000392934100004PubMedID: 27709756OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316967DiVA: diva2:1079459
Available from: 2017-03-08 Created: 2017-03-08 Last updated: 2017-03-08Bibliographically approved

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