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Research into Measured and Simulated Nondestructive Assay Data toAddress the Spent Fuel Assay Needs of Nuclear Repositories
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA.
International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria.
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2016 (English)Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Spent Fuel (NGSI-SF) Project started in 2009 with the intent to integrate nondestructive assay (NDA) signals in order to improve safeguards verification capabilities. This paper researches the integration of the following: (1) spectral-resolved passivegamma [ 154Eu and 137Cs], (2) total neutron and (3) Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity (PNAR) in the context of encapsulation/repository facilities. For the first two NDA techniques listed, measured and simulated results are available, while for PNAR only simulated results are currently available.The measured results are from the Central Interim Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel (Clab) in Sweden where 50 spent fuel assemblies were measured in 2014 and 2015. The PNAR instrument is one of four non-traditional, spent fuel NDA techniques to be deployed at Clab in 2016 and 2017. The inclusion of these non-traditional instruments, capable of estimating properties such as within-assembly neutron multiplication, makes this research unique and offers promising improvements to the current safeguards toolkit. Goals of the NGSI-SF Project include: (1) verifying the initial enrichment, burnup,and cooling time of the facility declaration; (2) detecting diversion or replacement of pins, (3) estimating the plutonium mass. Additional project goals that are concurrent with SKB’s interests are (4) estimating the decay heat, and (5) determining the multiplication/reactivity of spent fuel assemblies. In this paper, data mining techniques are applied to integrate both simulated and measured passive gamma and total neutron signals with the simulated PNAR signals to estimate various quantities for safeguards and non-safeguards purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Nondestructive Assay, Spent Fuel, Used Fuel
National Category
Subatomic Physics
Research subject
Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-317295DiVA: diva2:1081029
Conference
INMM 56:th Annual Meeting
Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-03-13 Last updated: 2017-03-13

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Citation style
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