Unemployment and Emigration in Europe in the Wake of the Crisis 2007-2014: Were youth more Sensitive than the General Population to Changes in Unemployment in Their Decision to Emigrate?
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The field of European migration have been under thorough scrutiny by key stakeholders in the European economy, most prominently the different bodies of the EU. Earlier studies have found that the difference in unemployment rates between the country of origin and the country of destination is strongly correlated with the amount of bilateral migration. Several studies have also shown young people to be much more likely to emigrate. This study merges these two findings, and investigates the reaction to changes in unemployment rates in the decision to emigrate for youth in relation to the population as a whole.
Using a difference-in-difference analysis i.e. regressing changes in emigration levels on changes in unemployment rates, the study investigates the disparity in the effect of a percentage increase in unemployment levels on the level of emigration between youth and the general population for 26 European countries during the years of economic crisis in 2007-2014.
After controlling for outliers, the study finds a percentage increase in unemployment to lead to a 0.33% increase in emigration for the general population and a 0.57% increase in emigration for youth. The findings are thus in line with theory and previous research predicting youth to be more mobile than the general population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Unemployment, Emigration, Youth, Difference-in-difference, Economic Crisis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317484OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-317484DiVA: diva2:1081872
Guvå, Tomas, Universitetslektor