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Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects
Number of Authors: 22
2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the results of a consensus-driven process identifying 50 priority research

questions for historical ecology obtained through crowdsourcing, literature reviews,

and in-person workshopping. A deliberative approach was designed to maximize discussion

and debate with defined outcomes. Two in-person workshops (in Sweden and Canada)

over the course of two years and online discussions were peer facilitated to define specific

key questions for historical ecology from anthropological and archaeological perspectives.

The aim of this research is to showcase the variety of questions that reflect the broad scope

for historical-ecological research trajectories across scientific disciplines. Historical ecology

encompasses research concerned with decadal, centennial, and millennial human-environmental

interactions, and the consequences that those relationships have in the formation

of contemporary landscapes. Six interrelated themes arose from our consensus-building

workshop model: (1) climate and environmental change and variability; (2) multi-scalar,

multi-disciplinary; (3) biodiversity and community ecology; (4) resource and environmental

management and governance; (5) methods and applications; and (6) communication and

policy. The 50 questions represented by these themes highlight meaningful trends in historical

ecology that distill the field down to three explicit findings. First, historical ecology is fundamentally

an applied research program. Second, this program seeks to understand longterm

human-environment interactions with a focus on avoiding, mitigating, and reversing

adverse ecological effects. Third, historical ecology is part of convergent trends toward

transdisciplinary research science, which erodes scientific boundaries between the cultural

and natural.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317539DOI: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-317539DiVA: diva2:1082137
Available from: 2017-03-15 Created: 2017-03-15 Last updated: 2017-03-15

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf