Bacterial genome size reduction by experimental evolution
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, Vol. 102, no 34, 12112-12116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bacterial evolution toward endosymbiosis with eukaryotic cells is associated with extensive bacterial genome reduction and loss of metabolic and regulatory capabilities. Here we examined the rate and process of genome reduction in the bacterium Salmonella enterica by a serial passage experimental evolution procedure. The initial rate of DNA loss was estimated to be 0.05 bp per chromosome per generation for a WT bacterium and approximately 50-fold higher for a mutS mutant defective in methyl-directed DNA mismatch repair. The endpoints were identified for seven chromosomal deletions isolated during serial passage and in two separate genetic selections. Deletions ranged in size from 1 to 202 kb, and most of them were not associated with DNA repeats, indicating that they were formed via RecA-independent recombination events. These results suggest that extensive genome reduction can occur on a short evolutionary time scale and that RecA-dependent homologous recombination only plays a limited role in this process of jettisoning superfluous DNA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 102, no 34, 12112-12116 p.
bacterial evolution, genome reduction, serial passage
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-80317DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0503654102PubMedID: 16099836OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-80317DiVA: diva2:108231