The braincase and middle ear region of Dendrerpeton acadianum (Tetrapoda: Temnospondyli).
2005 (English)In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ISSN 0024-4082, Vol. 143, no 4, 577-597 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dendrerpeton acadianum from the Westphalian A (Upper Carboniferous) of Joggins, Nova Scotia, is a phylogenetically and chronologically early temnospondyl. Its external cranial anatomy has been used previously to suggest the presence of a tympanic membrane, and thus of an ear adapted to the perception of airborne sound. However, supporting evidence provided by stapedial and braincase morphology has so far been lacking. The braincase and middle ear region have remained almost wholly unknown. CT scanning and 3-D computer reconstruction of BMNH R.436 have been used to shed light on these important areas. Both stapes prove to be present in the specimen; the right stapes is distorted, but the left stapes lies inside the cranial cavity and is perfectly preserved. The latter resembles the stapes of the relatively few other temnospondyls in which the bone has been described and is most similar to that of Doleserpeton. The morphology and orientation of the stapes provide strong evidence for the presence of an ear adapted to the perception of airborne sound, with similarities to the extant anuran condition. The reconstructed braincase shows a high degree of similarity to that of other adequately known temnospondyls. This gives supporting evidence that D. acadianum is correctly placed in the temnospondyl phylogeny and thus demonstrates one of the earliest hearing systems adapted to the perception of airborne sound that can be homologized with the extant anuran condition. © 2005 The Trustees of the Natural History Museum, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 143, 577-597.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 143, no 4, 577-597 p.
palaeontology, amphibian, columella, hearing, Joggins, otic, stapes, Carboniferous, temnospondyl, tetrapod, Dendrerpeton
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-80592DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2005.00156.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-80592DiVA: diva2:108506