Chronic hypertension in women after perinatal exposure to preeclampsia, being born small for gestational age or preterm
2017 (English)In: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, ISSN 0269-5022, E-ISSN 1365-3016, Vol. 31, no 2, 89-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: There is an established association between adverse events during perinatal life and chronic hypertension in adult life. However, disadvantageous conditions often coexist in the same pregnancy. We investigated single and joint perinatal exposure to preeclampsia, being born small for gestational age (SGA) or preterm and subsequent risk of chronic hypertension.
Methods: The study population consisted of 731,008 primiparous women from Norway and Sweden registered in the Medical Birth Registers, both as infants and as first time mothers between 1967-2009 (Norway) and 1973-2010 (Sweden). Risk of chronic hypertension in early pregnancy was calculated in women perinatally exposed to preeclampsia, born SGA or preterm by log-binominal regression analysis, and adjusted for maternal age and level of education in the 1st generation.
Results: The rate of chronic hypertension was 0.4%. Risk of chronic hypertension was associated with single perinatal exposure to preeclampsia, being born SGA or preterm with adjusted relative risks (95% confidence intervals, CI) 2.2 (95% CI 1.8, 2.7), 1.1 (95% CI 1.0, 1.3) and 1.3 (95% CI 1.0, 1.5) respectively. The risks increased after joint exposures, with an almost 4-fold risk increase after perinatal exposure to preeclampsia and preterm birth. Additional adjustment for BMI and smoking in the 2nd generation in a subset of the cohort only had a minor impact on the results.
Conclusions: Perinatal exposure to preeclampsia, being born SGA or preterm is independently associated with increased risk of chronic hypertension. The highest risk was seen after exposure to preeclampsia, especially if combined with SGA or preterm birth.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 31, no 2, 89-98 p.
chronic hypertension, preeclampsia, preterm birth, small for gestational age
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject Obstetrics and Gynaecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319182DOI: 10.1111/ppe.12346ISI: 000395008000001PubMedID: 28218407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319182DiVA: diva2:1086300
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2014-3561The Karolinska Institutet's Research Foundation