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The Citizen Participation of Urban Movements in Spatial Planning: A Comparison between Vigo and Porto
University Complutense of Madrid — Sociology II, Madrid, Spain..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5511-2390
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 35, no 1, 147-171 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The urban planning of municipal territory is still a key element of urban politics despite competition from other types of spatial planning and the influence of supra-local policies such as those introduced by European institutions. To gauge its importance, I selected the last two master plans developed in the cities of Vigo (Spain) and Porto (Portugal) and examined the contributions of urban movements to citizen participation in these plans. The periods of transition to democracy in both cities prompted the appearance of important citizen movements, but these have evolved differently in each city. This article describes the evolution of these movements in both cities and explains why they culminated in a conflictive participation model in the master plan of Vigo, while in Porto the opportunities for citizen participation in the master plan were neutralized. To conclude, it is argued that this comparison reveals the importance of local contexts of urban governability shaped by a history of strategic interactions between urban movements and elites, which reduces the validity of neoliberal conceptions of governance to explain citizen participation in relation to spatial planning. Resume L'urbanisation du territoire municipal reste un element-cle de la politique de la ville malgre la concurrence d'autres types de planification spatiale et l'influence de programmes d'amenagement supra-locaux, comme ceux qui emanent des institutions europeennes. Pour evaluer son importance, cette etude a choisi les deux derniers plans directeurs elabores dans les villes de Vigo (Espagne) et de Porto (Portugal) afin d'analyser ce que les mouvements urbains ont apporte a la participation des habitants dans le cadre de ces plans. Les phases de transition vers la democratie ont fait naitre d'importants mouvements citoyens, ceux-ci evoluant differemment dans chacune des deux villes. Cet article decrit la transformation de ces mouvements et explique pourquoi ils menent a un modele participatif conflictuel dans le cas du plan directeur de Vigo, tandis que les possibilites de participation des habitants ont ete neutralisees dans celui de Porto. En conclusion, cette comparaison revele l'importance des contextes locaux de la gouvernementalite urbaine, celle-ci etant faconnee par l'historique des interactions strategiques entre les elites et les mouvements urbains, ce qui module la validite des conceptions neoliberales de gouvernance dans leur explication de la participation des habitants en lien avec l'amenagement spatial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid 28223, Spain.: WILEY-BLACKWELL , 2011. Vol. 35, no 1, 147-171 p.
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319188DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2427.2010.00956.xISI: 000285389400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319188DiVA: diva2:1086320
Available from: 2017-03-31 Created: 2017-03-31 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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