Isolating the Effects of the Proton Tunneling Distance on Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in a Series of Homologous Tyrosine-Base Model Compounds
2017 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 139, no 5, 2090-2101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The distance dependence of concerted proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) reactions was probed in a series of three new compounds, where a phenol is covalently bridged by a 5, 6, or 7 membered carbocycle to the quinoline. The carbocycle bridge enforces the change in distance between the phenol oxygen (proton donor) and quinoline nitrogen (proton acceptor), d(O center dot center dot center dot N), giving rise to values ranging from 2.567 to 2.8487 angstrom, and resulting in calculated proton tunneling distances, r(0), that span 0.719 to 1.244 angstrom. Not only does this series significantly extend the range of distances that has been previously accessible for experimental distance dependent PCET studies of synthetic model compounds, but it also greatly improves the isolation of d(O center dot center dot center dot N) as a variable compared to earlier reports. Rates of PCET were determined by time-resolved optical spectroscopy with flash-quench generated [Ru(bpy)(3)](3+) and [Ru(dce)(3)](3+), where bpy = 2,2'-bipyridyl and dce = 4,4'-dicarboxyethylester-2,2'-bipyridyl. The rates increased as d(O center dot center dot center dot N) decreased, as can be expected from a static proton tunneling model. An exponential attenuation of the PCET rate constant was found: k(PCET)(d) = k(PCET)(0)exp[-beta(d-d(0))], with beta similar to 10 angstrom(-1). The observed kinetic isotope effect (KIE = k(H)/k(D)) ranged from 1.2 to 1.4, where the KIE was observed to decrease slightly with increasing d(O center dot center dot center dot N). Both beta and KIE values are significantly smaller than what is predicted by a static proton tunneling model. We conclude that vibrational compression of the tunneling distances, as well as higher vibronic transitions, that contribute to concerted proton coupled electron transfer must also be considered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2017. Vol. 139, no 5, 2090-2101 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319098DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b12531ISI: 000393848400060PubMedID: 28052668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319098DiVA: diva2:1086692
FunderSwedish Research Council, 623-2011-7189 2012-4060-97215-39Swedish Energy Agency, 11674-5Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation