Thioredoxin reductase and cancer cell growth inhibition by organogold(III) compounds
2006 (English)In: Anti-Cancer Drugs, ISSN 0959-4973, E-ISSN 1473-5741, Vol. 17, no 5, 539-544 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thioredoxin (Trx) expression is increased in several human primary cancers associated with aggressive tumor growth and decreased patient survival, and the Trx/Trx reductase (TrxR) system therefore provides an attractive target for cancer drug development. Various gold(III) compounds with none, one, two or three carbon-gold bonds were evaluated for their capacity to inhibit TrxR and the growth of MCF-7 cancer cells in vitro. Compounds with up to two carbon-gold bonds were often potent inhibitors of TrxR with IC50 values as low as 2 nmol/l. In the presence of Trx and insulin the inhibiting capacity was much lower. However, the inhibitory concentrations of the compounds did not correlate with the ability to kill cells. Out of the organometallics tested, only compound 8 with two carbon-gold bonds was able to inhibit colony formation by MCF-7 breast cancer cells at low micromolar concentrations (IC50=1,6umol/l). Unfortunately, the compound did not show any anti-tumor activity against MCF-7 breast cancer and HT-29 colon cancer zenografts in scid mice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 17, no 5, 539-544 p.
anti-tumor activity, organogold compounds, thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-80771ISI: 000244316500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-80771DiVA: diva2:108685