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Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection
Univ Arkansas, Dept Biol Sci, Fayetteville, AR 72701 USA..
Univ St Andrews, Sch Biol, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland..
Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
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2017 (English)In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 355, no 6328, 959-962 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change has the potential to affect the ecology and evolution of every species on Earth. Although the ecological consequences of climate change are increasingly well documented, the effects of climate on the key evolutionary process driving adaptation-natural selection-are largely unknown. We report that aspects of precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, along with the North Atlantic Oscillation, predicted variation in selection across plant and animal populations throughout many terrestrial biomes, whereas temperature explained little variation. By showing that selection was influenced by climate variation, our results indicate that climate change may cause widespread alterations in selection regimes, potentially shifting evolutionary trajectories at a global scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 355, no 6328, 959-962 p.
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-318929DOI: 10.1126/science.aag2773ISI: 000395181700041PubMedID: 28254943OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-318929DiVA: diva2:1087072
Available from: 2017-04-05 Created: 2017-04-05 Last updated: 2017-04-05Bibliographically approved

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