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Fast Optimization Methodology for Press-fitted Composite Hollow Cylinder Flywheel Energy Storage
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity. Doktorand, Uppsala Universitet. (Svänghjulsgruppen)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics.
(English)In: Composite structures, ISSN 0263-8223, E-ISSN 1879-1085Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

An optimization strategy for a hollow flywheel energy storage is presented. Several press-fitted shells of anisotropic materials (such as carbon composites) are studied by an analytical model based on a plane stress assumption. The optimization target is stored energy. The optimizer constraints (which were evaluated at full and zero charge level, respectively) were based on strain-based models for fatigue life of composites, and stress-based fatigue life models for high-strength aluminum. A compiled library was built within the scope of this work, and used to run a robust global grid-search optimizing method. The analytical model was compared against a finite element method solution, and the (single-core) library was seen to be at least 5 orders of magnitude faster. 

Keyword [en]
flywheel energy storage, optimization, fatigue
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319521OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319521DiVA: diva2:1087149
Funder
StandUp
Available from: 2017-04-05 Created: 2017-04-05 Last updated: 2017-04-06
In thesis
1. Electrified Integrated Kinetic Energy Storage
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electrified Integrated Kinetic Energy Storage
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The electric car is a technically efficient driveline, although it is demanding in terms of the primary energy source. Most trips are below 50 km and the mean power required for maintaining speed is quite low, but the system has to be able to both provide long range and high maximum power for acceleration. By separating power and energy handling in a hybrid driveline, the primary energy source, e.g. a battery can be optimised for specific energy (decreasing costs and material usage). Kinetic energy storage in the form of flywheels can handle the short, high power bursts of acceleration and decceleration with high efficiency.

This thesis focuses on the design and construction of flywheels in which an electric machine and a low-loss magnetic suspension are considered an integral part of the composite shell, in an effort to increase specific energy. A method of numerically optimising shrink-fitted composite shells was developed and implemented in software, based on a plane stress assumption, with a grid search optimiser. A composite shell was designed, analysed numerically and constructed, with an integrated permanent magnet synchronous machine. Passive axial lift bearings were optimised, analysed numerically for losses and lift force, and verified with experiments. Active radial electromagnets optimised for high stiffness per ohmic loss were built and analysed in terms of force and stiffness, both numerically and experimentally. Electronics and a high-speed measurement system were designed to drive the magnetic bearings and the electric machine. The control of these systems were implemented in an FPGA, and a notch-filter was designed to suppress eigenfrequencies to achieve levitation of the rotor. The spin-down losses of the flywheel in vacuum were found to be 1.7 W/Wh, evaluated at 1000 rpm.

A novel switched reluctance machine concept was developed for hollow cylinder flywheels. This class of flywheels are shaft-less, in an effort to avoid the shaft-to-rim connection. A small-scale prototype was built and verified to correspond well to analytical and numerical models, by indirect measurement of the inductance through a system identification method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 93 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1504
Keyword
flywheel energy storage, magnetic bearings, carbon composite
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319622 (URN)978-91-554-9891-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-08, Ång/80101, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
StandUpSwedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-04-06 Last updated: 2017-05-16

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