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Electrochromic W(1-x-y)Ti(x)lo(y)O(3) Thin Films Made by Sputter Deposition: Large Optical Modulation, Good Cycling Durability, and Approximate Color Neutrality
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.ORCID iD: gni26208
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
2017 (English)In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 29, no 5, 2246-2253 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tungsten oxide thin films are used in electrochromic devices such as variable-transmittance "smart windows" for energy efficient buildings with good indoor comfort. Two long-standing issues for WO3 thin films are their limited durability under electrochemical cycling and their blue color in transmission. Here, we show that both of these problems can be significantly alleviated by additions of titanium and molybdenum. We found that similar to 300 nm-thick films of sputter deposited W1-x-yTixMoyO3 are able to combine a midluminous transmittance modulation of 0.4 similar to 70% with good color neutrality and durability under extended electrochemical cycling. The Ti content should be similar to 10 at. % in order to achieve durability without impairing transmittance modulation significantly, and the Mo content preferably should be no larger than 6 at. % in order to maintain durability. Hence, our results give clear guidelines for making three-component mixed-oxide thin films that are suitable for electrochromic "smart windows".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2017. Vol. 29, no 5, 2246-2253 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences Chemical Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319529DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b05198ISI: 000396639400039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319529DiVA: diva2:1087286
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 267234
Available from: 2017-04-06 Created: 2017-04-06 Last updated: 2017-04-07Bibliographically approved

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Arvizu, Miguel ANiklasson, Gunnar A.Granqvist, Claes Göran
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