Association Between Preterm Birth and Lower Adult Height in Women
2017 (English)In: American Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0002-9262, E-ISSN 1476-6256, Vol. 185, no 1, 48-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We examined whether being born preterm was associated with changes in adult anthropometry in women. We assessed data on 201,382 women (born in 1973-1988) from the Swedish Birth Register. The mean age was 26.0 years. Of the women in our cohort, 663 were born very preterm (< 32 weeks of gestation), 8,247 were born moderately preterm (at least 32 weeks but < 37 weeks), and 192,472 were born at term (37-41 weeks). Subgroup analyses were carried out among siblings and also after adjustment for maternal anthropometric data. Statistical tests were 2-sided. Decreasing gestational age was associated with lower height (-1.1 mm per week of gestation; P < 0.0001), so that women who were born very preterm were on average 12 mm shorter than women who were born moderately preterm (P < 0.0001) and 17 mm shorter than women born at term (P < 0.0001). Compared with women who were born at term, those who were born very preterm had 2.9 times higher odds of short stature (< 155.4 cm), and those born moderately preterm had 1.43 times higher odds. Subgroup analyses showed no differences between women born moderately preterm and those born at term but accentuated differences from women born very preterm. Among siblings (n = 2,388), very preterm women were 23 mm shorter than those born at term (P = 0.003), with a 20-mm difference observed in subgroup analyses (n = 27,395) that were adjusted for maternal stature (P < 0.001). A shorter final height was associated with decreasing gestational age, and this association was particularly marked in women born very preterm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC , 2017. Vol. 185, no 1, 48-53 p.
adult, females, gestational age, premature birth, preterm, siblings, stature, women
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319677DOI: 10.1093/aje/kww116ISI: 000397232100007PubMedID: 27941067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319677DiVA: diva2:1087466