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Three Models of Democratic Self-Defence: Militant Democracy and Its Alternatives
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. (Political Theory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7881-9329
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4547-1661
2018 (English)In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 442-458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Militant democracy relies on the idea that democracies ought to defend themselves from anti-democratic forces by constitutionalizing repressive measures. We offer a criticism of this view highlighting the exclusionary elitism on which militant democracy is built. In doing this we consider two competing models of democratic self-defence, the procedural, and the social. We suggest that the procedural model, while avoiding the exclusionary and other pitfalls of militant democracy, is detached from socio-political realities and fails to offer a comprehensive vision of democratic stability. The largely neglected social model of democratic self-defense avoids this problem; it combines proceduralism’s commitment to dissensus with a social-democratic logic in the design of democratic constitutions. We argue in favour of such a social-democratic self-defense and further develop this model around the guiding principle of political and social non-domination. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 66, no 2, p. 442-458
Keywords [en]
militant democracy, Kelsen, Heller, non-domination, social democracy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320938DOI: 10.1177/0032321717723504ISI: 000429911100011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-320938DiVA, id: diva2:1091644
Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Malkopoulou, AnthoulaNorman, Ludvig

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