Uses of music and psychological well-being among the elderly
2007 (English)In: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, Vol. 8, 215-241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 500 community living older adults in Sweden (aged 65-75 years). The questionnaire assessed uses of music in everyday life: frequency of listening, situations where music is encountered, emotional responses to music, and motives for listening (i.e., listening strategies). Also, different facets of psychological well-being (e.g., affective well-being, life satisfaction, and eudaimonic well-being) and selected background variables (e.g., education level, health status, activity level, and Big-5 personality characteristics) were assessed. Results showed that listening to music is a common leisure activity encountered in many everyday situations, and that listening to music is a frequent source of positive emotions for older adults. Also, the participants reported using a variety of listening strategies related to emotional functions (e.g., pleasure, mood regulation, and relaxation) and issues of identity, belonging, and agency. The associations between listening strategies and well-being were explored through correlation and multiple regression analyses where the influence of background variables was controlled for. Health status and personality were the most important predictors of well-being, but some listening strategies were also significantly associated with psychological well-being. The results give important insights into older adults’ uses of music in everyday life and give clues regarding possible relationships between musical activities and well-being.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 8, 215-241 p.
music, everyday life, emotion, psychological well-being, identity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-81778DOI: doi:10.1007/s10902-006-9024-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-81778DiVA: diva2:109693