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“So, the Killings Continued”: Wartime Mobilization and Post-War Violence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3098-5587
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7167-609X
2017 (English)In: Terrorism and Political Violence, ISSN 0954-6553, E-ISSN 1556-1836Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Many post-war states experience continuous low-intensity violencefor years after the formal end of the conflict. Existing theories oftenfocus on country-level explanations of post-war violence, such as thepresence of spoilers or the nature of the peace agreement. Yet, postwarviolence does not affect all communities equally; whereas someremain entrenched in violence, others escape the perpetuation ofviolent conflict. We argue that communities where wartime mobilizationat the local level is based on the formation of alliances betweenarmed groups and local elites are more likely to experience post-warviolence, than communities where armed groups generate civiliansupport based on grassroots backing of the group’s political objectives.We explore this argument in a comparison of three communitiesin KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, which have experienceddifferent levels of post-war violence. The analysis supports the mainargument and contributes to the research on the microdynamics ofcivil war by outlining the implications of certain strategies of wartimemobilization and how these may generate localized legacies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
microdynamics of civil war; post-conflict states; post-war violence; South Africa
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-322537DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2017.1318126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-322537DiVA, id: diva2:1098539
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencyAvailable from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2017-06-26

Open Access in DiVA

The full text will be freely available from 2018-11-19 08:00
Available from 2018-11-19 08:00

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2017.1318126

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van Baalen, SebastianHöglund, Kristine

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