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Brief Report: Association Between Autism Spectrum Disorder, Gastrointestinal Problems and Perinatal Risk Factors Within Sibling Pairs.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Neurodev Disorders, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Pediat Neuropsychiat Unit,Karolinska Inst KIND, Stockholm, Sweden.; Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1033-2618
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Ctr Neurodev Disorders, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Pediat Neuropsychiat Unit,Karolinska Inst KIND, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, no 8, 2621-2627 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with gastrointestinal (GI) problems, but the nature of this association is unclear. Parents to siblings, concordant or discordant for ASD (N = 217), participated in a web survey covering mother's weight gain during pregnancy, maternal viral/bacterial infection and use of antibiotics, duration of breastfeeding, mode of delivery, birth weight and child GI problems. ASD was associated with GI problems and perinatal environmental risk, based on a summation of maternal infection and antibiotic use during pregnancy and/or the breastfeeding period. The association between GI problems and ASD remained within the sibling pairs (β = 1.23; p < .001) in the adjusted model. Our results indicate non-shared environmental effects on the ASD/GI association, but none of the factors examined explained the link.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 47, no 8, 2621-2627 p.
Keyword [en]
Autism spectrum disorder, Breastfeeding, Cesarean section, Gastrointestinal problems, Infections, Siblings
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-322594DOI: 10.1007/s10803-017-3169-2ISI: 000405720900028PubMedID: 28536957OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-322594DiVA: diva2:1098849
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2017-05-26 Created: 2017-05-26 Last updated: 2017-10-24Bibliographically approved

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