Crystal and magnetic structure investigation of TbNi5-xCux (x=0,0.5,1.0,1.5,2.0): Experiment and theory
2006 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 74, no 9, 094419- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of Cu substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of TbNi5-xCux (x=0,0.5,1.0,1.5,2.0) have been investigated by x-ray diffraction, magnetization measurements and neutron powder and single crystal diffraction. The electronic and the magnetic structures of TbNi5 were studied using first principles theory. All samples were found to have the CaCu5-type structure, space group P6/mmm. The lattice parameters increase monotonically with increasing Cu concentration. The Curie temperature T-c has a maximum value of 29 K at x=1.0. The magnetic structure of TbNi5 at 10 K is incommensurate with a helimagnetic component [wave vector q similar to 2 pi/c(0,0,0.02)] perpendicular to a ferromagnetic one. In contrast, the substituted TbNi5-xCux alloy is ferromagnetic. All magnetic moments are observed to be located on the Tb atoms. The magnetocrystalline anisotropy in the ab plane is observed to be strongly increased by the Cu substitution, whereas the magnetization decreases with the Cu concentration. The observed magnetic structure of TbNi5 is consistent with first principles calculations regarding both the magnetic moments and the helimagnetic structure. The microscopical origin of the helimagnet is analyzed and correlated to the Fermi surface topology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 74, no 9, 094419- p.
Inorganic Chemistry Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-82093DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.74.094419ISI: 000240871700046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-82093DiVA: diva2:110008