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Physics of the Omori law: Inferences from interevent time distributions and pore pressure diffusion modeling
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics. Geofysik. (Seismologi)
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics. Geofysik. (Seismologi)
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics. Geofysik. (Seismologi)
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics. Geofysik. (Seismologi)
2006 (English)In: Tectonophysics, Vol. 424, no 3-4, 209-222 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Empirical laws and statistics of earthquakes are valuable as a basis for a better understanding of the earthquake cycle. In this paper we focus on the postseismic phase and the physics of aftershock sequences. Using interevent time distributions for a catalogue of Icelandic seismicity, we infer that the parameter C2 in the Omori law, often considered to represent incomplete detection of aftershocks, is at least in part related to the physics of the earthquake process. We investigate the role of postseismic pore pressure diffusion after two Icelandic earthquakes on the rate of aftershocks and what we can infer about the physical meaning of C2 from the diffusion process. Using the Mohr–Coulomb failure criterion we obtain a rate of triggered points in our diffusion model that agrees with the modified Omori law, with a value of C2 that is consistent with data. Our pore pressure diffusion model suggests that C2 is related to the process of reducing high pore pressure gradients existing across a fault zone at short times after a main shock.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 424, no 3-4, 209-222 p.
Keyword [en]
Aftershocks, Omori law, Pore pressure diffusion, Physical models, Interevent time distribution
National Category
Geophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-82169DOI: doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2006.03.045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-82169DiVA: diva2:110075
Available from: 2006-09-21 Created: 2006-09-21 Last updated: 2017-01-25

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2006.03.045

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Lindman, MattiasLund, BjörnRoberts, RolandJonsdottir, Kristin

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