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What are the specific causes and strategies in relation to stunting in Lesotho?: A study of the perceptions of UNICEF staff members regarding stunting in Lesotho
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Stunting is an issue that affects millions of children all over the world including Lesotho. Whilst Lesotho does not have the highest rates of stunting in the Southern African region, the rates are alarmingly high never the less. This paper serves as an insight into the stunting situation in Lesotho from the perspective of UNICEF. Broadly speaking, this paper looks at stunting from two aspects: firstly, looking at causal factors and next at the strategies to address those causes. The skeleton of this thesis is formed around the 1991 UNICEF malnutrition framework which acts as a guide for the theoretical and empirical chapters of this paper. The theoretical chapter outlines the complex interconnectedness of different causal levels those being structural, underlying and immediate causes. One will notice the causal chain as it soon becomes very obvious. The strategic component is the next major element of the theoretical chapter. Similarly, given the interconnectedness of the causal framework, it becomes clear that a holistic approach is necessary to address stunting at all levels. Addressing only the health consequences is not nearly enough. The empirics strongly support certain elements of the theoretical framework from both a causal and strategic perspective. Poverty, education, water, sanitation and rurality are seen as the leading thematic causal factors, while social protection, water and sanitation, education and health programmes are considered to be the most suitable strategies to address stunting. One will notice that although this does not nearly cover all the various components of the theoretical framework, it does make sense given the mandate of UNICEF. And since the nature of the research is broad, there is certainly plenty of room for more narrow-scoped research to be carried out in terms of the effectiveness of individual nutrition and health programmes applied throughout the region, if not the developing world at large. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 92 p.
Keyword [en]
Stunting, Lesotho, Nutrition, Nutrition Framework, UNICEF, Maternal health, nutritional strategy
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-323891DiVA: diva2:1107750
Subject / course
International Humanitarian Action
Educational program
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-10 Last updated: 2017-06-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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