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Implementing National Structural Change at the Local Level: The Case of Relocation Allowances in Västernorrland, 1965–1975
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3427-5515
2017 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish model was built on the notion that mobility from high- to low-unemployment areas could be achieved without large wage differentials if active labor market policy was used to aid in the movements across places. While Sweden pioneered the use of relocation allowances on a large scale in the late 1950s, very little is known about the actual implementation of this program. Its role during the large out-migrations from northern Sweden during the 1960s is especially underresearched. In this essay, I study the usage of the program through a case study of  Västernorrland county from 1965 to 1975. The analysis shows that in the 1960s there was a strong selection into the program by younger persons, newly examined students and from certain sectors. After 1970, there was a shift in government policy with the aim of reducing the outflow of migrants from the northern counties and to keep allowance migration within counties. Between 1970 and 1975 there was also a drop in both regular and allowance out-migration by 20 %. Within the group of allowance migrants, however, there was no change in the likelihood of staying within Västernorrland after controlling for age, sex and occupation. The share of out-migrations that took place with support from the program also remained constant at 20 %. This suggests that the decline in out-migration was probably not caused by lower mobility but was rather more likely the consequence of structural change and alterations to public policy after 1970, which improved the labor market situation in the northern counties. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-324441OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-324441DiVA: diva2:1110077
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2013-0274:1
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-06-15
In thesis
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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