Simultaneous radioassays of bacterial production and mercury methylation in the periphyton of a tropical and a temperate wetland
2006 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 81, no 2, 95-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Laboratory radioassays were made to study mercury (Hg) methylation together with bacterial production in the periphyton of two aquatic macrophytes, the submerged Myriophyllum spicatum, from a constructed wetland in Sweden and the floating Eichhornia crassipes, from a eutrophied tropical lake in Brazil. Time course incubations were made by addition of 203HgCl2 and the methylmercury formed was extracted at pre-defined time intervals. Bacterial production (14C-leucine incorporation) was measured at the same time intervals, with plants removed from parallel incubations made with and without addition of cold HgCl2. For E. crassipes, higher methylmercury production was observed at elevated bacterial production, whereas for M. spicatum, the bacterial production was significantly lower, and Hg methylation was below the detection limit. The combined results confirm the importance of microbial processes for Hg methylation, although other factors are known to influence this process in complex ways. The addition of Hg did not significantly influence bacterial production, while the incubation temperatures used (25 and 35 1C) resulted in different methylation rates.
Radiotracer techniques for measurements of bacterial production such as 14C-leucine uptake can provide useful insights into the Hg cycle in aquatic environments, and our data suggest that they may be used as a proxy of mercury methylation potentials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 81, no 2, 95-100 p.
Methylmercury, Aquatic plants, Leucine, Radiotracer, 203Hg
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83180DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.09.023ISI: 000241312400002PubMedID: 16956711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-83180DiVA: diva2:111087