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The political conditions for local peacemaking: A comparative study of communal conflict resolution in Kenya
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5673-9056
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How does government bias affect efforts to resolve communal conflicts? We know that the causes and dynamics of communal conflict tend to be strongly influenced by the role of the central state in relation to the conflict. However, the way that government bias affects communal conflict resolution remains unexplored. I argue that government bias makes the conflict parties less likely to overcome distrust, because they cannot trust the government’s willingness to guarantee or uphold any agreement they reach. Also, the specific form of government bias matters: Bias related to resources is particularly resistant to change, whereas bias related to relationships is more likely to be influenced by political turnover, thereby opening up possibilities for peacemaking. I explore these arguments using a systematic comparison of four cases in Kenya. The findings provide support for these arguments, and underline the importance of understanding bias as a function of interactions between local and central elites.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-324926OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-324926DiVA: diva2:1112253
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-06-20

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
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  • Other style
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